Who needs a residence permit?
Citizens from EU countries as well as from Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland don’t have to apply for a residence permit. They will still have to register with the local resident’s registration office (Einwohnermeldeamt) and receive a certificate (Meldebestätigung) that confirms their right to live in their new hometown.
Students from other countries will need both a certificate from their local resident’s registration office (Meldebestätigung) in Baden-Württemberg and additionally a residence permit (Auftenthaltserlaubnis). The permit is usually valid for two years and can be renewed for additional semesters.